Liquid Detergent Pods Pose Risk to Children’s Eye Health

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Liquid Detergent Pods Pose Risk to Children’s Eye Health

Attractive to kids, detergent pods should be kept out of reach to help prevent ocular injury, reports new study in the Journal of AAPOS

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Wednesday, October 8, 2014 - 9:30am

CONTENT: Press Release

San Francisco, CA, October 8, 2014 /3BL Media/ – Liquid laundry and dishwasher detergent pods are an emerging source of chemical exposure in children. When squeezed or bitten into, these pods can burst and send detergent into the mouth, nose, and eyes. A new report published in the current issue of the Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS) cautions that these products should be kept away from children because the bursting detergent pods can cause significant corneal injury.

Detergent pods may offer a simpler way to do laundry, but they represent a source of potential danger when in the hands of a young child. Available in the European market for over a decade and first introduced to the American market in 2010, liquid detergent pods are brightly colored, which makes them attractive to young children who mistake them for toys.

Michael E. Gray, MD, and Constance E. West, MD, from the Abrahamson Pediatric Eye Institute at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, began tracking ocular injuries from detergent pods after noticing an increase in patients over the course of several months beginning in 2012. Ten children, all under 4 years of age, were treated for eye injuries stemming from burst detergent pods. Over the same time frame, 21 other children were seen in the emergency room for injuries caused by ingestion of the detergent contained in the pods.

For the children with eye injuries, two cases involved the child biting down on the pod, seven cases resulted from children squeezing the pod in their hands, and in the last case, the cause was unknown. All ten children with eye injuries presented with significantly bloodshot eyes, although no limbal ischemia or clinically significant conjunctival chemosis was found. Corneal abrasions were found in all of the cases, with defect sizes ranging from 3 mm in diameter to a nearly complete corneal epithelial defect. In addition, three children also had mild periorbital edema or erythema ipsilateral to the corneal abrasion.

During ophthalmologic examination, the ocular surface pH was measured and found to be neutral in all cases, but as study co-author Dr. Gray, Pediatric Ophthalmologist and Assistant Professor, Division of Pediatric Ophthalmology at Cincinnati Children’s and UC Department of Ophthalmology, points out, the pH levels among different brands can vary. “Alkaline injury should also be suspected in association with the ocular cases. However, reported pH from Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) of different brands of pods is variable. The pH of some brand name pods is close to neutral (6.8 – 7.6), whereas other brands are considerably alkaline (8.0 – 11.0).”

The report also explains that because these pods are designed to be concentrated, they often contain higher levels of surfactants than traditional detergent, making them more likely to cause injury when they are ingested or when the chemicals enter the eye.

In the study, all affected subjects were treated with irrigation and topical antibiotic ointment. The recovery period for the children averaged just under four days, and none of the patients experienced additional complications or relapse.

While makers of these detergent pods have made changes to packaging to try to keep children out, not all brands adhere to the same safety standards. “Manufacturers have taken steps to prevent such injuries, such as warning labels and container lid safety features,” states Dr. West, Pediatric Ophthalmologist and Associate Professor, Cincinnati Children’s and UC Department of Ophthalmology. “These safety features are not always present, however, particularly with off-brand or generic laundry pods that might be sold at discount stores.”

As convenient as detergent pods may be, families with young children need to take safety precautions. As Dr. Gray concludes, “This consecutive case series highlights the risk of ocular injuries from laundry detergent pods in the United States. Parents or caregivers must be aware of the potential for ocular injury from these pods and prevent access to these chemicals by young children.”


Notes for editors
“Corneal injuries from liquid detergent pods,” by Michael E. Gray, MD, and Constance E. West, MD, DOI: It appears in the Journal of AAPOS, Volume 18, Issue 5 (October 2014) published by Elsevier.

Full text of the article is available at to credentialed journalists upon request; contact Eileen Leahy at +1 732 238 3628, to obtain a copy. Journalists wishing to set up interviews with the authors may contact Dr. Michael Gray at +1 513 636 4751 or or Nick Miller at +1 513 803 6035 or

About the Journal of Aapos (
Journal of AAPOS presents expert information on children's eye diseases and on strabismus as it impacts all age groups. Major articles by leading experts in the field cover clinical and investigative studies, treatments, case reports, surgical techniques, descriptions of instrumentation, current concept reviews, and new diagnostic techniques. The Journal is the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus.

About the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (
The goals of the AAPOS, the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, are to advance the quality of children's eye care, support the training of pediatric ophthalmologists, support research activities in pediatric ophthalmology, and advance the care of adults with strabismus.

About Elsevier
Elsevier is a world-leading provider of information solutions that enhance the performance of science, health, and technology professionals, empowering them to make better decisions, deliver better care, and sometimes make groundbreaking discoveries that advance the boundaries of knowledge and human progress. Elsevier provides web-based, digital solutions — among them ScienceDirect, Scopus, Elsevier Research Intelligence and ClinicalKey — and publishes nearly 2,200 journals, including The Lancet and Cell, and over 25,000 book titles, including a number of iconic reference works.

The company is part of Reed Elsevier Group PLC, a world-leading provider of professional information solutions in the Science, Medical, Legal and Risk and Business sectors, which is jointly owned by Reed Elsevier PLC and Reed Elsevier NV. The ticker symbols are REN (Euronext Amsterdam), REL (London Stock Exchange), RUK and ENL (New York Stock Exchange).

Media contact
Eileen Leahy
+1 732 238 3628

Jennifer Hull
+1 415-561-8505

Keywords: Health | Edema | Education | Elsevier | Erythema | Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus | eye

CONTENT: Press Release